British North America Act

The British North America Act

The British North America Act, 1867, was passed by the British Parliament in 1867. It is the law that created the Canadian Confederation. Many other Acts called British North America Act were later passed, amending the 1867 Act, or adding to it.

A federation usually consists of at least two main levels of government - local states or provinces, and a federal government. Canada is no different. However, these levels can't share the same powers, as that would lead to direct competition and chaos.

The British North America Act was passed to set the legal ground rules for Canada, and divvy up the powers between the provinces and the federal government.

Section 91 of the The British North America Act lists the powers the federal Parliament can exercise. Section 92 lists the powers of the Provincial Legislatures. Unless the parties agree otherwise, the federal government must not make laws dealing with matters of provincial jurisdiction, and vice versa. If one party does pass a law that intrudes on the jurisdiction of the other, the courts will strike it down.

Some of the key areas of federal and provincial responsibility are:


The British North America Act - Federal


The British North America Act - Provincial

 

You may notice that religion isn't mentioned anywhere.

In 1982, the power to amend Canada's Constitution is patriated - brought home to Canada from Britain - and the new Act is called the Constitution Act, 1982. TheThe British North America Act is not repealed, just re-named. It becomes part of the new Constitution as the Constitution Act, 1867.



Find us at Google + https://plus.google.com/+EarlSands/posts?rel=author

Directory



Home

Canadian Law News

Lawyer Locator

Twitter Facebook Google +


Free Lawyer Listing

logoModern Law:

Law Overview

Dictionary

Aboriginal

Abortion

Administrative

Admiralty/
Maritime


Adoption


Agriculture

Antitrust/
Trade

Appellate Practice

Arbitration/
Dispute Resolution


Aviation/
Aerospace


Banking/
Business

Banking Access

Bankruptcy/
Insolvency

Bankruptcy History

Clarity Act

Communications

Constitutional

Construction

Consumer Protection

Contracts

Corporate

Criminal

Dating Violence

Dealing with Lawyers

Debt Collection

Divorce

Elder Law

Employment & Labour

Environmental

Family

Family Violence

Finance

Franchises

Fraud

Good Samaritan Laws


Government

Gun Laws

Hate Laws

Health & Medical

Human/Civil Rights

Information Technology

Immigration

Impaired Driving

Insurance

Intellectual Property

International

International Trade

Investments

Jury Duty

Legal Malpractice

Libel & Slander

Medical Malpractice

Mergers/
Acquisitions

Military

Paternity-Testing


Personal Injury

Poverty Law

Privacy & Access to Information

Products Liability

Professional Liability

Real Estate

Sharia Law

Snowbirds

Stalking

Starting a Business

Steps in a Lawsuit

Taxation

Transportation

Trusts & Estates

Unions

Whistleblowers

Wills And Probate

Witnesses

Workers Compensation


Young Offenders

Canadian Law Apps

logoAncient Law to the Present:

Hammurabi's Code

10 Commandments

Ancient Greece

Ancient Rome

Christian Influence

Justinian's Code

Magna Carta

Royal Proclamation 1763

Code Napoleon

British North America Act

Constitution Act, 1982

logoLegal Organizations:

Bar Associations

Courts

Governments

Law Schools

Law Societies

Legal Aid

logoLawyers:

Business Lawyers

Criminal Lawyers

Employment / Wrongful Dismissal Lawyers

Family / Divorce Lawyers

Immigration Lawyers

Impaired Driving Lawyers

Insolvency Lawyers

Personal Injury Lawyers

Real Estate Lawyers

Wills Estate Lawyers

List your Law Firm

Publish your Articles

logoDirectory:


Send to a Friend


Privacy Policy

About us